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Since January is National Glaucoma Awareness Month, in this article we would like to emphasize the importance of being aware of the indications of this vision threatening disease. Glaucoma is a group of ocular disorders that cause damage to the optic nerve, which may cause a loss of vision. When not treated, the damage often initially results in vision loss in the periphery of the visual field and then moves to a complete loss of vision. Glaucoma is thought to be the primary reason for avoidable vision loss and, according to estimates, over 60 million individuals worldwide suffer from the disease.
The leading source of glaucoma is thought to be increased pressure in the eye referred to as intraocular pressure. As pressure around the eye increases, this causes damage to the optic nerve which delivers messages from the eye to the brain. When this pathway doesn't work normally, eyesight is affected. At the current time, optic nerve damage is typically untreatable.
The most threatening fact about glaucoma is that distinct from other forms of vision impairment, there are no signs that warn of the progression of the condition until it may be too late.
It is because of the disease's subtle nature glaucoma has acquired the nickname the "sneak thief of sight." This may leave you asking: how does one prevent a condition which has no obvious symptoms?
Early diagnosis of the disease is the key to effective treatment. Although everyone may be at risk for glaucoma, particular groups have a higher risk than others. Risk factors for glaucoma can include adults over 45 years old, those with family members who have had glaucoma, individuals with a predisposition towards diabetes, or other eye conditions such as myopia, hyperopia, eye injuries or elevated intraocular pressure.
There are different kinds of glaucoma such as open or close angle glaucomas. Both eyes are usually affected, however the disease can progress more quickly in one eye than in the other.
The best way to detect glaucoma is to contact an optometrist. There are several diagnostic eye tests used to check damage to the ocular nerves caused by glaucoma. Especially if you are 45 or older or know that you are at risk, make sure to book a comprehensive eye examination on an annual basis.
Unfortunately most kinds of glaucoma cannot be prevented. However the damage to the optic nerve and deterioration of vision can be halted by early diagnosis and quick treatment. Don't delay! Contact "Progressive Family Eye Care, PLLC" today, for annual glaucoma screening.